ANALYSIS OF CLIMATIC FACTORS IMPACT ON RSV INFECTION DISTRIBUTION IN CHILDREN ATTENDING CHILDCARE AT NORTHWEST REGION OF SÃO PAULO, BRAZIL

Paulo Vitor Marques Simas, Luiz Gustavo Araujo Gardinassi, Felipe Cavassan Nogueira, Caroline Measso do Bonfim, Deriane Elias Gomes, Mauricio Nogueira Lacerda, Edison Luiz Durigon, Paula Rahal, Fátima Pereira de Souza

Abstract


Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was detected in samples collected from children from 0 to 6 years of age with acute respiratory infection, attending public childcare on Northwest region of São Paulo, Brazil. RSV distribution was associated to seasonal climatic variables as temperature, rainfall and relative air humidity. We utilized samples of nasopharyngeal aspirate collected during the period of July 2003 to September 2005. RT-PCR was the chosen method for viral identification. Results showed that from the 817 samples (collected from 179 children), 7.7% (63/817) were RSV positive. In 2003, RSV was detected from July until October. In 2004, RSV infections occurred in March, May, June, July, October, November, and December. In 2005, RSV was detected in March, April, May, August, and September. RSV circulation patterns in childcare children showed seasonal distribution associated to decreases in temperature and relative air humidity. RSV was detected in childcare children as an important viral agent causing respiratory infections, with varying patterns of circulation into the cohort during the study period. Moreover, RSV distribution showed to be associated with the dry season on Northwest region of São Paulo, Brazil.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17525/vrr.v17i1-2.59

 


Keywords


respiratory virus; acute respiratory infection; daycare children; seasonal distribution

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17525/vrr.v17i1-2.59

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