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Author Guidelines


Virus Reviews Research is published by the Brazilian Society for Virology and accepts reviews, research papers and short communications dealing with all aspects of Virology and related fields. Authoritative and clinical reviews of the current state of knowledge are preferred, although important historical analyses might be accepted. Unevaluated compilations of the literature and annotated bibliographies do not fall within the scope of Virus Research. Authors of manuscripts of lectures delivered symposia and round tables are encouraged to evaluate the possibility of using such material for preparations of a review, as stated below.

Manuscripts reach Virus Reviews & Research by one of three mechanisms. First, reviews are solicited by the editors from leading investigators in Brazil and abroad. Second, unsolicited reviews may be submitted in completed form. Third, full research papers and short communications, including results of original research which contribute significantly to knowledge in Virology will be accepted. All reviews and papers submitted will be evaluated by ad-doc scientists before publication. Preference will be given to manuscripts that develop new concepts or experimental approaches and are not merely repositories of scientific data. Methodological papers shall be considered for publication, provided they describe new principles or a significant improvement of existing methods. Submission of manuscripts implies that the same work has not been published and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Suggestions of subjects for review are welcome by the Editors.

General information

Submission of manuscripts should be done online at the following links:

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One complete copy of each manuscript or a digital version, including abstract (250 words maximum), figures and tables, either in the original type script or as clear, clean photocopies, should be submitted. The name, e-mail, mailing address telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author should be indicated on the title page. All text should be double spaced. The reviews should be divided in abstract, text and references. The full papers should be divided in abstract, introduction, material and methods, results, discussion, references and acknowledgements.

The short communications should be divided in abstract, text, references and acknowledgements.


By submission of a manuscript to the journal, the authors guarantee that the manuscript or one with substantially the same content was not publishedpreviously and is not being considered or published elsewhere. All authors of a manuscript must have agreed to its submission and are responsible for its content, including appropriate citations and acknowledgments and must also have agreed that the corresponding author has the authority to act on their behalf on all matters pertaining to publication of the manuscript. After acceptance of the paper, and electronic copy of the text in its final version should be send to the Journal, together with a letter signed by all authors, agreeing with the text, figures and tables of the final version of the paper.


The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining permissions from both the original published and the original author [i.e., the copyright owner(s)] to reproduce figures, tables or text (in whole or in part) from previous publications The signed permissions must be submitted to Virus Reviews & Research, Journal of the Brazilian Society of Virology. All rights reserved. No part of the Journal may be reproduced in any form or by any electronic or mechanical means, including information storage and retrieval systems, without the publisher’s written permission. For studies including human beings, a copy of a previous approval of the project by a formal Ethical Commission from a recognized organization like an University or a Research Institution, according to the principles embodied a the Declaration of Helsinki, should be provided with the manuscript. A formal consent of all persons included in the experiments and of the parents or guardians of children included in the experiments, must be forehand. For studies including animal experiments, a copy of a previous approval of the project by a formal Ethical Commission for animal experimentation must be provided with the manuscript. The authors assume fully and solely the responsibility for omissions or irregularities in these documents.

Manuscript format

All manuscripts should be submitted written in English. The Editor recommends that a manuscript should be read critically by someone fluent in English before it is submitted. Manuscripts in poor English will not be accepted. The paper should be organized in topics, as described.The name of the topics should be typed in capital letters (e.g. ABSTRACT, INTRODUCTION, etc). Abbreviations should follow the recommendations of the IUPAC-IUC Commission and the Metric System is to be used throughout.

The manuscript should be assembled in the following order with all pages numbered consecutively starting from the title page:

Title page. a) title; b) first name, initials of the middle names and last name (s) of author (s) (matched with superscript numbers identifying institutions) Ex: Antonio A.R. Barros; c) name and address, including zip code of institution(s) where work was done; d) name, complete mailing address, telephone number and fax number of author to whom correspondence and requests for reprints should be sent. No more that 6 key words should be included.

Abstract. A concise statement not to exceed 250 words in a single paragraph double spaced should be written on a separate page following the title page. The abstract should briefly and clearly present the problem, experimental approval, new results as quantitative data and conclusions. Footnotes and undefined abbreviations should not be used. If a reference must be used, the full citation should given within the abstract. Since abstracts are published separately by Information Services, they should contain sufficient hard data to be appreciated by the reader, who may not have access to the full paper.

Footnotes. Text footnotes, if unavoidable, should be numbered consecutively in superscript in the manuscript and written on a separate page following the abstract.

Introduction. The introduction should provide the reader with sufficient information so that results reported in the paper can be properly evaluated without consulting the literature. However, the introduction should not be an extensive review of the literature. The introduction should also give the rationale for and objectives of the study that is being reported.

Material and Methods. This section should provide enough information for other investigators to repeat the work. Repetition of details of procedures which have already been published elsewhere should be avoided. If a published method is modified, such modification (s) must be described in the paper. Sources of reagents, culture media and equipment (company, city, state, country) should be mentioned in the text. Names that are registered tradem arks should be so indicated. Subheading often makes this section easier to read and understand.

Results. The results should be presented clearly and concisely. Tables and figures should be used only when necessary for effective comprehension of the data. In some situations it may be desirable to combine Results and Discussion in a single section.

Discussion. The purpose of the Discussion is to interpret the results and relate them to existing knowledge. Information given elsewhere in the text may be cited but ;not repeated in detail in the Discussion.

Acknowledgments.section is optional and follows the Discussion. If appropriate, briefly acknowledge financial support, fellowships and technical assistance.

References.should be included in the text, with the surname of the author(s)and year in parentheses, Examples: (Pereira 1984) (Pereira & Santos 1986) (Pereira et al. 1988).

At the end of the paper a list of the references should be included and the following information must be given: last and initials of all authors, year of publication, title of article, complete name of Journal or its official abbreviation in italic, volume and pages. If reference is a book, also give names and initials of editors, publisher and city. Papers accepted for publication may be nbsp;in the reference list. The citation should be complete and should end with: (in press).

Examples: Rosenberg JK, Cloud SS 1996. Isolation and characterization of variant infectious bursal disease viruses. J Am Vet Assoc 189: 357.

Peter M, D’Aprile PV, Cancelotti F 1973. Biological and physicalchemical properties of the infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV). Avian Pathology 2: 135-152.

Rosenberg JK, Olson NO 1987. Viral arthritis. In: HJ Calnak, CW Barnes, WM Beard, HW Yoder (eds.) Diseases of Poultry, 9 ed., Iowa State University Press. p. 711-719.

Tabless. Table should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and grouped together after th References section. All tables must be cited in the text in numerical order and the approximate position of each indicated in the margin. Each table should be typed double spaced on a separate page (if exceptionally large or requiring special symbols or unusual treatment, the table should be submitted camera-ready). A descriptive title and legend, in the form as they appear in the Journal, should make tables understandable without reference to the text. Vertical and diagonal rules should not be used in tables; instead indentation and vertical or horizontal space should be used to group data.

Figures. Arabic numbers should be used for numbering the Figures. Data in Tables should not be repeated in Figures. The legends of the Figures should be placed in a separate sheet.

Photographs and line drawings. Only those photographs which are strictly necessary for the understanding of the paper should be submitted. Photo prints must be of sufficient quality to ensure good reproduction. They should be numbered on the back and identified with the nominated author’s name. They may in addition be submitted in electronic format using the following programs: Word, Excel, Corel, Adobe Photoshop. Legends of line drawings and photographs should not exceed the printing area. All elements in the drawing should be prepared to withstand reductions. Drawings and line figures should be drawn in black in on tracing paper and should be prepared a photographs. Colored illustrations are not accepted (only by electronic submission, not for printing).

Short Communications. Short Communications are reports on a single subject which should be concise but definitive. Pairs or sequences of papers will not be allowed. The scope of this section is intended to be wide and to encompass methodology and experimental data on subjects of interest to the readers of the Journal. It should contain: an abstract of no more than 250 words, no more than 6 key words, a running title, text not exceeding 8 double-spaced typed pages of 25 lines, 55 letters and spaces (excluding references), a maximum of 2 figures or tables (or one figure and one table) and no more than 20 references. A Short Communication should not be divided into separate sections (Introduction, Methods, etc.). Authors should state in the cover letter that the manuscript is intended to be a Short Communication.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The manuscript must contain metadata (structure of the manuscript) according to the section to which it will be submitted.
  2. In the metadata of the submission it is of utmost importance the complete inclusion of all the authors involved in the manuscript. The author's and co-authors' registers must be filled in with full name for the issuing of documents.


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